In 2005, Sudan emerged from a 21-year civil war between the Khartoum-based Islamist government in the north and the mainly Christian based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in the south, causing thousands of people to flee their homes into neighbouring countries. Africa’s longest running civil war has led to the deaths of over 1.5 million people and has torn apart numerous families and communities. In fulfilment of the peace agreement signed in 2005, the South Sudanese population voted for independence in January 2011. South Sudan was declared a sovereign state on 9 July 2011 and more than 390,000 South Sudanese have returned to their country. This high amount of returnees has put pressure on a situation characterized by the absence of social services and minimal existing economic opportunities to support integration. Moreover, general access to health services remains limited for the population; and maternal and under-5 mortality estimates are still quite high.
Y Care International has worked with the Yambio YMCA since 2007 to support orphans and vulnerbale young people affected by conflict, increasing their access to healthcare, education and social support services. Yambio YMCA has also been providing support to Internally Displaced Persons, as a result of the attacks by the Lord’s Resistance Army.